Nietzsche, Friedrich

(1844-1900)
A German philosopher, one of the great (if not the greatest of) modern iconoclasts, Nietzsche has been read as the precursor of such varied phenomena as Nazism and post-modernism . Essentially, he appears to have been outraged by the lack of reflexivity (see ethnomethodology ) among philosophers and scientists who failed to apply to their own thoughts the rigorous questioning they applied to those of others, a reaction which led him to dispute the supposed rationalism , scientism, and humanism of modern Western societies. Against this, he upheld the ideals of individualism, self-reliance, competition, and élitism. The three terms that summarize both the reasons for the continuing controversy over his thought, and the results of his own self-questioning, are ‘nihilism’, ‘will to power’, and ‘superman’. Among those said to have been influenced by his works are Max Weber and Michel Foucault . Most of his books are available in good modern translations. Amongst the best-known are The Gay Science (1882), Thus Spoke Zarathustra (1883-92), Beyond Good and Evil (1886), On the Genealogy of Morals (1887), and Ecce Homo (1908).

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Nietzsche, Friedrich — (1844 1900)    by Lee Spinks   The importance of Deleuze s reading of Friedrich Nietzsche cannot be over estimated. Although Deleuze engages continually with the work of Baruch Spinoza, Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, David Hume and Henri Bergson… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Nietzsche, Friedrich — (1844 1900)    A German irrationalist philosopher who in 1889 experienced a manic psychotic breakdown and spent the last 10 years of his life in a demented state. Although Nietzsche s initial psychiatric symptoms included mania, euphoria,… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Nietzsche, Friedrich — (1844–1900) Born in Prussia, the son of a Lutheran minister who died insane four years later, Nietzsche spent the years of childhood with his mother, sister, grandmother, and two maiden aunts. In 1858 he entered boarding school, and in spite of… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Nietzsche, Friedrich — (1844–1900)    A German philologist and philosopher of the nineteenth century, among the most misunderstood and disputed minds of his and our time. In the words of historian Golo Mann, “his work was a catastrophe which presaged and predicted… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Nietzsche, Friedrich — ► (1844 1900) Filósofo y escritor alemán. Discípulo de Schopenhauer, es el filósofo de la energía vital. Propugna una mística que opone a la moral cristiana, que él llama la de los esclavos, la moral individualista y aristocrática del superhombre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nietzsche, Friedrich —   (1844 1900)   see destiny , evil , fatal , illusion , modernity , nihilism , perfect crime , real , simulation and value + structural law of value …   The Baudrillard dictionary

  • NIETZSCHE, FRIEDRICH WILHELM° — (1844–1900), German philosopher, one of the key influences on modern thinking. The perception of Nietzsche s philosophy is to a considerable extent – more than is the case with other philosophers – marked by the transforming impact of its… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm — Nietzsche Robin Small LIFE AND PERSONALITY Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844–1900) is one of those thinkers whose personalities cannot easily be separated from their achievements in philosophy. This is not because his life was an unusually… …   History of philosophy

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